Just a few years after the abbey was founded in 764 a new abbey site was established on a glacial sand dune. As well as the three remaining buildings – Königshalle (King's hall), fragments of the basilica and the monastery wall – a contemplative, minimalist landscape architecture shows in impressive style the architectural scope of the site.
The architectural highlight of the UNESCO World Heritage: The picturesque King's Hall, featuring its world-renowned colourful sandstone façade, is one of the few well-preserved buildings from the Carolingian age. Although its purpose is not yet determined, its importance is undoubted. The upper floor (only accessible on a guided tour) features in part very well preserved wall paintings from various centuries.
The church fragment is a part of the early 12th-century basilica. It forms one of the three western bays of the center nave of the Nazarius basilica antechurch, which was largely detroyed in the Thirty Years' War (1621). Probably there have been predecessing buildings in the area of the church fragement.
The monastery wall is one of the few preserved buildings of the former abbey, whose southern part is still visible today. With a height of three to four meters and a length of around 500 meters it is the largest original building of the abbey.
Here, architectural history really comes alive. Where corn and fruits of the field were once stored, we today see remnants discovered in the Abbey hill, displayed in an appropriate archaeological setting.
(Only accessible as part of a guided tour.)
This is the initial site of the mother abbey built in 764, which had to be relinquished early on due to lack of space. Thanks to new landscape architectural design work, today’s visitors can obtain a good idea of what the site once looked like.
What was life like for the peasants and the seigniory families during Charlemagne’s time? The Carolingian court at Lauresham was modelled on the basis of archaeological findings. Research is performed into farming, animal husbandry and crafts in the course of practical, everyday work. Here, visitors can learn a variety of interesting things about the manorial system during the Carolingian era.
In respect of the farm animals living in Lauresham, dogs are not allowed on the premises.
Here, plants with medicinal and healing properties are to be found, just as they are listed in the Lorsch Pharmacopoeia (UNESCO world heritage document since 2013), marking the beginning of modern-day medicine in the western world.