Written sources tell us different names for a medieval garden (gart, garto, hortus). They all have in common that their translation is not just garden but that the fence as a basic component is part of the meaning. According to early medieval popular laws the garden as well as the house was protected by a peace providing the owner with certain rights. The ambit of this area was marked by a fence (read more about fences here).
Therefore also meadows with fruit trees or the today's vineyard are considered gardens. Lauresham holds beside a vegetable garden and a physic garden (hortus) also an orchard (pomerium), a vineyard (vineum) as well as a dye-plant garden, each of them with a fence. The apiary which actually did not exist as it is today offers a field with a wide range of different plants, which are not found anymore in our cultivated landscape today. It is more like a display garden that is supposed to make an impression of the early medieval flora. The gardens of a manor made sure to provide its citizens with fruits and vegetables as well as vine and honey.
To most of these plants in Lauresham Charles’ enactment of royal estates, the Capitulare de villis, refers to them. It is listed very detailed, which plants are supposed to grow on the royal properties. As well old and partly rare species from the Early Middle Ages have been made recourse to. The disposition of the vegetable and the physic garden is based on the Abbey of St. Gall which gives an idea on how the patches were arranged in medieval gardens.