All reconstructed buildings follow archaeological examples. As ideal-typical reconstruction of a Carolingian manor buildings and findings are taken as a basis that was characteristic in southern Germany during this time. Wherever possible, excavation results from the close surrounding area like Mannheim-Seckenheim, Holzheim nearby Fritzlar or Speyer were chosen for reconstructing these buildings. It was especially focused on, in addition to a wide range of well-known house types, - pit-houses or post and timber constructions at ground level – presenting a diverse variety of different roofing and wall structure forms in Lauresham: Here you can find wooden shingle roofs, also the thatched roof as well as special types like roofs made of birch bark or grass wren. Beside the typical wattle and daub there are different wooden walls and claddings. Especially this variety of constructions allows visitors to visualize more difficult topics.
Characteristics of a timber construction are not posts but studs. Studs are not deepened into the earth which is why they cannot leave postholes. Instead, these studs only touch the ground by stones put underneath or by timber beams. Timber is hard to prove archaeologically because it is mostly not preserved due to their missing connection. The timber construction of Laureham's stithy for example represents a model of an archaeological feature in Mannheim-Seckenheim, in this case a timber construction with stones underneath.
Most of the buildings in Lauresham are post constructions. They are characterized by posts deepened into the ground. The post construction leaves postholes in the earth, which is why during excavations the soil marks result in relatively clear ground plans, even if the original wooden material is not preserved anymore. Beside ground-leveled post constructed buildings there are also widely spread pit-houses during the Early Middle Ages of which the ground level is always lower than outside.
The pit-house is a construction proved for the entire Middle Ages, which from the High Middle Ages onwards got slowly superseded by the cellar-house but never completely replaced. Its advantage is its uncomplicated construction. The simplest variant represents a pit covered by a roof which is carried by two crown posts.
Depending on the amount and the disposition of their posts pit-houses are named ‘gable post house’, ‘corner post house’ or ‘stud house’. A ‘gable post house’ has only two posts in total that carry the roof load, the ‘corner post house’ one post at each corner, and the ‘stud house’ has posts along its side wall.