Early medieval popular laws and also Charles´ the Great enactment of the royal estates (Capitulare de villis) proves that fences played an important part during that time. So there is countless information in the Frankish popular laws about the appearance of fences and the penalties if someone destroyed one.
In Lauresham there are many types of fences with different functions. The manor is surrounded by a high palisades trench, which is not easy to break through. Also hedges like the blackberry function as enclosure. Not only today, but also during the Early Middle Ages fences have clarified property and legal situation.
A palisade trench is built of split stocks (in Lauresham especially oak) that are vertically driven into the ground. This fence can be very high and therefore have a more defensive character. A crossbar connects the stakes in order to stabilize the fence. With a lower height palisade trenches can be used as boundary around the fields, e.g. for the run area of pigs.
The wattle fence is a basic all round fence of the Early Middle Ages. Between vertical posts of different strengths pliable twigs are wattled for stabilization. This type can be built with simplest methods and was used for marking pathways, fencing smaller settlements as well as garden fence, and as patch and field boundary among other things. Sizes and heights can vary as well. From a knee-high patch boundary to a head-high fence it is all imaginable.
‘Board fences’ are more elaborate than the other fences. All boards were handmade and had to be hewn with adzes before they could be fixed with wooden nails on vertical posts.